The term Metabolic Syndrome (also called Syndrome X) is used to describe a cluster of metabolic risk factors that could be the precursor to diabetes and heart disease. The risk factors included in Metabolic Syndrome are: Obesity and extra fat in the midsection of the body High triglycerides or taking medication for high triglycerides Low HDL or “good” cholesterol levels High fasting glucose levels or insulin resistance High blood pressure Metabolic Syndrome has become very common with 20 to 30% of the population developing it in the United States. Genetics plays a large role in determining who will develop the condition with a family history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes and early heart disease putting people at a greater risk. Lifestyle also contributes to Metabolic Syndrome. Obesity and overweight are the factors that have the highest impact on risk with lack of exercise, smoking, eating a high carbohydrate diet and being postmenopausal following close behind.